The heart is without a doubt our most important organ. During your life, it transfers the oxygen-depleted blood back to the lungs and pumps oxygen-rich blood to the body areas that require it. Given that the heart keeps your body functioning, it is crucial to take great care to ensure its effectiveness. As a result, the number of cardiac specialists—also known as heart doctors—who are responsible for preserving the health of this intricately patterned organ has increased.
They research the heart and work to prevent, identify, and treat any heart conditions such as coronary heart disease, heart failure, and cardiac arrest. These experts are further classified into a number of subcategories, each of which plays a crucial part in identifying the best way to give you the treatment your heart requires.
Some require a more intrusive approach, such as surgery and other invasive procedures, such as heart surgery. Other therapies only involve identifying and supporting the patients. There are also research-based professions where improved patient treatment strategies are being developed. Some cardiac specialists are also in charge of treating patients with persistent cardiac issues, while others are looking for emergency therapies, giving patients vital medical care when they most need it, such as in situations where their lives are at risk.
Heart disease in India
India, one of the largest nations on earth, recognised the importance of having access to top-notch medical care. The quality of healthcare in India has increased dramatically thanks to access to the most recent technology and the unrivalled skill of top cardiologists and cardiothoracic surgeons, drawing patients not just from inside the nation but also from all over the world. Moreover, they provide surgery to high-risk patients by utilising cutting-edge methods that make the treatment minimally invasive. With comparable, if not better clinical outcomes, high-quality cardiac healthcare is still accessible for a small fraction of the worldwide cost.
Top Indian hospitals provide cutting-edge clinical procedures like interventional cardiac catheterization and surgical cardiac transplants because they are outfitted with cutting-edge technology and the greatest physicians and surgeons who specialise in cardiology and heart-related therapies. The results speak for themselves, with an average success rate of 98.50%, on par with top cardiac centres worldwide.
Cardiology-focused medical institutions are also outfitted with cardiac care units and cutting-edge diagnostic tools including echocardiography, colour doppler, coronary angiography, and nuclear scanning. Here is a simple checklist to help you get to know your cardiologist: India’s several cardiac specialists.
non-invasive cardiac physician
A Non-Invasive Cardiologist concentrates on a variety of non-invasive cardiac techniques. The majority of their employment is office-based, including managing patient clinics and providing cardiology consultations. Their major duty is to assist the patients in avoiding, identifying, and treating any potential cardiac issues.
A Non-Invasive Cardiologist may do echograms, ECGs, cardiac tests, and Nuclear Tests, a specialised treatment that involves injecting a radioactive dye stream into the patient’s bloodstream and photographing the resultant heart map with a specialised “nuclear camera.” The test findings are interpreted by non-invasive cardiologists, who also inform the patient of his or her alternatives. The severity of the condition determines the degree of their assistance for the patient. If it is tolerable, the doctor continues the therapy using prescription medication and patient assistance. A suitable cardiac expert is then presented to the patient if the situation worsens or doesn’t improve.
Invasive cardiac physician
An invasive cardiologist has all the same duties as a non-invasive cardiologist, but they have also received training in cardiac catheterization and other small operations.
Interventional cardiology is one of the subcategories of invasive cardiology. An Interventional Cardiologist is referred when the patient has to undergo more complex procedures than Invasive and Non-Invasive Cardiology. They must carry out a variety of invasive cardiology procedures, such as heart catheterizations, as well as stent replacements in closed or diseased arteries, plaque removal (atherectomy), valve repairs, mesh stent placement in arteries that are narrowing, and balloon angioplasty to open blocked arteries.
Interventional cardiologists may occasionally—but not very frequently—have to carry out some non-invasive treatments. Some even participate in pericardiocentesis and transesophageal echocardiograms.
Cardiothoracic surgery, sometimes known as cardiac surgery, is the broad subtype of invasive cardiology. Surgeons can get extra credentials to become a specialist cardiologist as they gain more experience. They are contacted when a significant procedure on the heart, significant blood vessels, veins, or arteries is necessary. The most frequent operations carried out by cardiac surgeons are replacement of the heart’s valve, cardiac bypass surgery (CABG), correction of congenital heart defects, aneurysmal coiling, and artery bypass surgeries.
Tasks performed by an electrophysiologist Cardiologists perform a variety of duties. By analysing the heart’s electrical impulses, electrophysiology can learn crucial details about a patient’s cardiac condition. The study aids in the detection of abnormal heartbeats and other issues that could cause cardiac arrest. They may do electrophysiology, echocardiography, and practical work to map the electrical activity of the heart, as well as work to place pacemakers and defibrillators. They carry out procedures like cardiac pacemaker implantation and radiofrequency ablation to target and remove faulty electrical circuits. Also, they could give a patient medicine to treat heart failure and regulate their erratic heartbeat.
More opportunities in cardiology specialty
- A heart failure cardiologist, as the name implies, specializes in treating patients with heart failure and guarantees thorough care of their health because cardiac failure frequently affects other organ systems.
- Imaging Cardiologist – An imaging cardiologist uses a variety of heart-related images in their work. This involves reading and interpreting heart stress test data, cardiac echocardiograms, cardiac CT scan pictures, and cardiac MRI scans.
- A paediatric cardiologist is a medical professional who assists young patients with heart conditions.
- A transplant cardiologist is a physician who specialises in treating people who require or have undergone heart transplants. They would typically be cardiac surgeons with a focus on transplant methods.
Do these departments of cardiology compete with one another?
Cardiologists may specialise in more than one subspecialty. Several professions in cardiology are more generic in nature and integrate many different specialties. Also, there is a great deal of crossover and overlap across the specialties. For instance, cardiologists who specialise in electrophysiology treat patients with these issues and provide general cardiology consultations.